It is not uncommon to have bleeding gums, however, it is a sign of a problem. More often than not bleeding gums are a result of inadequate cleaning. Plaque that builds up on the teeth is comprised of bacteria which infect the gums if not removed. This then brings about the body’s natural inflammatory response with increased blood flowing to the area. If this is not addressed and oral hygiene continues to be poor, the supporting structures of the teeth become affected too leading to gum disease, and potentially tooth loss! In most cases this can be avoided by practicing regular and thorough oral hygiene. Tooth brushing twice daily with a small headed, soft tooth brush and taking at least 2 minutes to clean the teeth; flossing at least once daily; using a mouthwash if recommended by your dental health professional; and having regular visits to the dentist/hygienist are all steps that should be taken to look after dental health.
There are other reasons that can cause bleeding gums:
- pregnancy hormones
- aggressive/vigorous tooth brushing and/or flossing
- trauma/ulcerations in the mouth infection/abcess
- use of blood thinners
- medical issues ie. Oral cancer, leukemia, scurvy, any bleeding disorder
If bleeding gums are experienced, a dental appointment should be made to determine the cause, organise appropriate treatment and prevent further damage to the teeth and gums.